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FBI Seized Top Secret Docs in Search   08/13 09:24

   The FBI recovered "top secret" and even more sensitive documents from former 
President Donald Trump's Mar-a-Lago estate in Florida, according to court 
papers released Friday after a federal judge unsealed the warrant that 
authorized the sudden, unprecedented search this week.

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- The FBI recovered "top secret" and even more sensitive 
documents from former President Donald Trump's Mar-a-Lago estate in Florida, 
according to court papers released Friday after a federal judge unsealed the 
warrant that authorized the sudden, unprecedented search this week.

   A property receipt unsealed by the court shows FBI agents took 11 sets of 
classified records from the estate during a search on Monday.

   The seized records include some marked not only top secret but also 
"sensitive compartmented information," a special category meant to protect the 
nation's most important secrets that if revealed publicly could cause 
"exceptionally grave" damage to U.S. interests. The court records did not 
provide specific details about information the documents might contain.

   The warrant says federal agents were investigating potential violations of 
three different federal laws, including one that governs gathering, 
transmitting or losing defense information under the Espionage Act. The other 
statutes address the concealment, mutilation or removal of records and the 
destruction, alteration or falsification of records in federal investigations.

   The property receipt also shows federal agents collected other potential 
presidential records, including the order pardoning Trump ally Roger Stone, a 
"leatherbound box of documents," and information about the "President of 
France." A binder of photos, a handwritten note, "miscellaneous secret 
documents" and "miscellaneous confidential documents" were also seized in the 

   Trump's attorney, Christina Bobb, who was present at Mar-a-Lago when the 
agents conducted the search, signed two property receipts -- one that was two 
pages long and another that is a single page.

   In a statement earlier Friday, Trump claimed that the documents seized by 
agents were "all declassified," and argued that he would have turned them over 
if the Justice Department had asked.

   While incumbent presidents generally have the power to declassify 
information, that authority lapses as soon as they leave office and it was not 
clear if the documents in question have ever been declassified. And even an 
incumbent's powers to declassify may be limited regarding secrets dealing with 
nuclear weapons programs, covert operations and operatives, and some data 
shared with allies.

   Trump kept possession of the documents despite multiple requests from 
agencies, including the National Archives, to turn over presidential records in 
accordance with federal law.

   The Mar-a-Lago search warrant served Monday was part of an ongoing Justice 
Department investigation into the discovery of classified White House records 
recovered from Trump's home earlier this year. The Archives had asked the 
department to investigate after saying 15 boxes of records it retrieved from 
the estate included classified records.

   It remains unclear whether the Justice Department moved forward with the 
warrant simply as a means to retrieve the records or as part of a wider 
criminal investigation or attempt to prosecute the former president. Multiple 
federal laws govern the handling of classified information, with both criminal 
and civil penalties, as well as presidential records.

   U.S. Magistrate Judge Bruce Reinhart, the same judge who signed off on the 
search warrant, unsealed the warrant and property receipt Friday at the request 
of the Justice Department after Attorney General Merrick Garland declared there 
was "substantial public interest in this matter," and Trump said he backed the 
warrant's "immediate" release. The Justice Department told the judge Friday 
afternoon that Trump's lawyers did not object to the proposal to make it public.

   In messages posted on his Truth Social platform, Trump wrote, "Not only will 
I not oppose the release of documents ... I am going a step further by 
ENCOURAGING the immediate release of those documents."

   The Justice Department's request was striking because such warrants 
traditionally remain sealed during a pending investigation. But the department 
appeared to recognize that its silence since the search had created a vacuum 
for bitter verbal attacks by Trump and his allies, and felt that the public was 
entitled to the FBI's side about what prompted Monday's action at the former 
president's home.

   "The public's clear and powerful interest in understanding what occurred 
under these circumstances weighs heavily in favor of unsealing," said a motion 
filed in federal court in Florida on Thursday.

   The information was released as Trump prepares for another run for the White 
House. During his 2016 campaign, he pointed frequently to an FBI investigation 
into his Democratic opponent, Hillary Clinton, over whether she mishandled 
classified information.

   To obtain a search warrant, federal authorities must prove to a judge that 
probable cause exists to believe that a crime was committed. Garland said he 
personally approved the warrant, a decision he said the department did not take 
lightly given that standard practice where possible is to select less intrusive 
tactics than a search of one's home.

   In this case, according to a person familiar with the matter, there was 
substantial engagement with Trump and his representatives prior to the search 
warrant, including a subpoena for records and a visit to Mar-a-Lago a couple of 
months ago by FBI and Justice Department officials to assess how the documents 
were stored. The person was not authorized to discuss the matter by name and 
spoke on condition of anonymity.

   FBI and Justice Department policy cautions against discussing ongoing 
investigations, both to protect the integrity of the inquiries and to avoid 
unfairly maligning someone who is being scrutinized but winds up ultimately not 
being charged. That's especially true in the case of search warrants, where 
supporting court papers are routinely kept secret as the investigation proceeds.

   In this case, though, Garland cited the fact that Trump himself had provided 
the first public confirmation of the FBI search, "as is his right." The Justice 
Department, in its new filing, also said that disclosing information about it 
now would not harm the court's functions.

   The Justice Department under Garland has been leery of public statements 
about politically charged investigations, or of confirming to what extent it 
might be investigating Trump as part of a broader probe into the Jan. 6 riot at 
the U.S. Capitol and efforts to overturn the results of the 2020 election.

   The department has tried to avoid being seen as injecting itself into 
presidential politics, as happened in 2016 when then-FBI Director James Comey 
made an unusual public statement announcing that the FBI would not be 
recommending criminal charges against Clinton regarding her handling of email 
-- and when he spoke up again just over a week before the election to notify 
Congress that the probe was being effectively reopened because of the discovery 
of new emails.

   The attorney general also condemned verbal attacks on FBI and Justice 
Department personnel over the search. Some Republican allies of Trump have 
called for the FBI to be defunded. Large numbers of Trump supporters have 
called for the warrant to be released hoping they it will show that Trump was 
unfairly targeted.

   "I will not stand by silently when their integrity is unfairly attacked," 
Garland said of federal law enforcement agents, calling them "dedicated, 
patriotic public servants."

   Earlier Thursday, an armed man wearing body armor tried to breach a security 
screening area at an FBI field office in Ohio, then fled and was later killed 
after a standoff with law enforcement. A law enforcement official briefed on 
the matter identified the man as Ricky Shiffer and said he is believed to have 
been in Washington in the days leading up to the attack on the Capitol and may 
have been there on the day it took place.

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